Information on the accuracy of meteorological observation is essential to assess the applicability of the measurement. In general, accuracy information is difficult to obtain in operational situations, since the truth is unknown. One method to determine this accuracy is by comparison with model equivalent of the observation. The advantage of this method is that all measured parameters can be evaluated, from two meter temperature observation to satellite radiances. The drawback is that these comparisons contain also the (unknown) model error. By applying the so-called triple collocation method (Stoffelen, 1998), on two independent observation at the same location in space and time, combined with model output, and assuming uncorrelated observations, the three error variances can be estimated. This method is applied in this study to estimate wind observation errors from aircraft, obtained using Mode-S EHS (de Haan, 2011). Radial wind measurements from Doppler weather Radar and wind vector measurements from Sodar, together with equivalents from a non-hydrostatic numerical weather prediction model are used to assess the accuracy of the Mode-S EHS wind observations. The Mode-S EHS wind observation error is estimated to be less than 1.4 ± 0.1 m s−1 near the surface and around 1.1 ± 0.3 m s−1 at 500 hPa.
S de Haan. Estimates of Mode-S EHS aircraft derived wind observation errors using triple collocation
published, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 2016